Olive Python

Olive Python©Perth Zoo2 (1)Scientific Name: Liasis olivaceus
Conservation Status: Vulnerable
Body length: 2–5 m
Weight: 10–20 kg
Incubation: 7 weeks
Number of eggs: average of 19

Distribution: Pilbara region of Western Australia to north Queensland.
Habitat: Arid to sub-humid areas

Description: The Olive Python is one of Australia’s largest snakes. It is usually a single colour of olive, greenish-brown, reddish-brown or off-white. It has pale lips, finely dotted with pale grey or brown and a whitish belly.

Diet: Olive Pythons are carnivores. They prey on birds, mammals and reptiles. Adult pythons can consume mammals as large as rock wallabies. The Olive Python kills its prey by constriction and is not venomous.

In the wild: Olive Pythons are usually found in rocky areas and gorges, especially those associated with water courses. These ground-dwelling snakes often inhabit rocks, caves and can be found in hollow logs.

Threats: Main threats to Olive Pythons include predation by feral cats and foxes, depleting food sources and loss of habitat. This python is also often killed by humans as it is mistaken for the venomous King Brown Snake.

At Perth Zoo: The Olive Python can be seen in the Reptile Encounter.

Did you know? The Olive Python has a very high mid-body scale count of 61–72 scales. This makes the python’s skin look smoother than other species.

Download the Olive Python factsheet (pdf)


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