Skip to main content

You are here

African Lion

Journey right into the lion’s den!

Download fact sheet (0.18MB PDF)

A lion's full roar can be heard up to 8 km away! Perth Zoo's give their vocal chords a workout at dawn and dusk.

Description: African Lions are a golden or tawny-brown colour and have large padded feet and retractable claws. The male lion has a mane which makes him look bigger than he actually is and protects his throat from the claws and teeth of other animals.

Diet: Lions are carnivores. They hunt in packs for large prey like zebra, wildebeest and buffalo. Individuals also forage for small rodents, hares and reptiles.

In the wild: Unlike other cat species, lions are quite social and live in groups called ‘prides’. These prides contain 4–6 adults and their cubs. Adult males defend a large area against other males and hold mating rights over the prides within their territory. Spotted Hyaenas and African Painted Dogs are the natural predators of old, young or sick lions that are too weak to defend themselves.

Threats: Lions are threatened by overpopulation by humans, poaching, habitat loss and disease.

Did you know?

Because male lions are so big and have a full mane, they are often too slow and conspicuous to hunt. The male protects the pride while the lionesses hunt. Male lions always eat first.

Precinct
African Savannah
Scientific name
Panthera leo senegalensis
Conservation status
Vulnerable
Body length
1.7–2.5 m
Weight
150–250 kg
Class
Mammal
Gestation
100–120 days
Number of young
1–6
Distribution
Central and southern Africa
Habitat
Grassy plains, savannahs, semi-deserts
Region
Africa

From the blog

Where you can find me

Where you can find me

Map of Perth Zoo highlighting the African Savannah