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Giraffe

Blood rush!

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A series of valves in a giraffe's neck stops blood from rushing to its head when it bends down to drink.

Description: The Giraffe is the tallest land animal on earth with a long neck that contains only seven vertebrae (just like humans!). They have a long, strong tongue which is used to pull leaves from branches and is about 45 cm long.

Giraffe have a thick spotted coat and a long tail which is useful for brushing away flies. The  Giraffe can have up to five blunt, short horns called ‘ossicones’.

Diet: Giraffe are herbivores. Because of their long necks they are able to eat the leaves from taller trees such as acacia and wild apricot which gives them an advantage over other herbivores. They also eat shoots, fruit and other vegetation. Giraffe are also known as browsers.

In the wild: Female Giraffe, or ‘cows’, mate with local dominant males, ‘bulls’. These bulls compete with each other by swaying and curling necks. Newborns are kept away from the main herd by the mother for the first 10–30 days and weaning takes place by 13 months. Lions, Spotted Hyaenas and leopards are the natural predators of young Giraffe.

Threats: Traditional hunting, poaching for the tourist trade and habitat loss have contributed to the declining numbers and, in some cases, the complete extinction of Giraffe from some areas of their former range.

Did you know?

The Giraffe is the tallest living land animal.

Precinct
African Savannah
Scientific name
Giraffa camelopardalis
Conservation status
Vulnerable
Body length
3.47–4.8 m
Weight
0.6–1.9 tonnes
Class
Mammal
Gestation
Approximately 15 months
Number of young
1
Distribution
Sub-Saharan Africa
Habitat
Savannah
Region
Africa

From the blog

New Giraffe Calf for Misha

Where you can find me

Where you can find me

Map of Perth Zoo highlighting the African Savannah